In Croatia there are 8 national parks that is nature areas under the protection of the state. These are: Brijuni, Risnjak, the Northern Velebit, Plitvice Lakes, Paklenica, Kornati, Krka and Mljet. Three of them are at the sea while the rest (except for Plitvice) is near the coast.
Brijuni National Park includes a group of 14 islands and islets which stretch along the western Istrian coast and the surrounding sea with the submarine world which accounts for almost 80% of the protected area.
What makes the National Park unique are the numerous archaeological sites (the remains of Illyrian, Roman and Byzantine buildings), geological and paleontological sites (dinosaurs’ promenade) and a great biological diversity.
The vegetation of the islands is made of the harmony of natural and anthropogenic elements, forest areas, landscape parks and lawns. The diversity of indigenous fauna is enriched by many imported species typical for this habitat (deer, elephants, zebras). The submarine world is a representative maritime oasis for typical sea organisms of the Northern Adriatic. More on → link
The Kornati archipelago is located between the islands of Sibenik and Zadar and includes about 150 islands. Kornati is a real maze of land, sea and sky and the most dense archipelago in the Mediterranean; nowhere have so many islands been squeezed into such a small surface of the large sea.
The National Park Kornati is part of the Kornati archipelago and includes 89 islands, islets and rocks. The land occupies only one-fourth of the park area while the rest is the marine ecosystem. The contrast between the seemingly semi-desert and inhospitable land and biologically and geomorphologically diverse and rich underwater world is one of the fundamental characteristics of this area. The particularity of this park are the famous Kornati crowns, vertical cliffs of the Kornati islands facing the open sea.
Illyrian buildings, Roman villa rustica, Byzantine forts, basilicas, Venetian castles etc, are numerous cultural and historical sites which witness the rich history of the Kornati islands. More on → link
Mljat is the Green island of the Southern Dalmatia. It has a lush vegetation, clear sea and very diverse fauna on the islands and in the underwater world. Mljet has a rich historical and cultural heritage from the ancient times. In the Middle Ages Mljet was known for goat cheese, special aromatic wine and honey after which it was named.
Mljet is the oldest national park at the sea in Croatia. It stretches along the north-western part of the island and includes the salt lakes of Mljet, unique worldwide. The fact that 26 million years old jellyfish live in the Mljet lakes proves their particularity. What helped the jellyfish to survive is the isolation of the lakes.
The National Park Krka is located in Central Dalmatia, a few km north-east of Sibenik. With its seven travertine waterfalls and a total fall of 242 meters, Krka is a natural and karst phenomenon.
The fauna and flora are very rich and diverse with many endemic, rare and endangered species.
Although the Park is not a the sea, the very entrance to the Park which is in Skradin, can be reached by boat enjoying the beautiful Krka estuary. More on → link
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