Nature parks Croatia

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A nature park is an area under the protection of the state and it is the most important after national parks. There are 11 nature parks in Croatia and two of them are at the sea, Telascica and the Lastovo Archipelago.

Telascica

Telascica Nature Park is located in the Central Adriatic, at the south-eastern part of the island of Dugi otok. It is named after the Telascica bay which is one of the biggest, safest and most beautiful natural ports on the Adriatic. Three natural phenomenons are the unique characteristics of this area.

Telascica

Telascica bay is surrounded by 13 islands and islets, 6 more islands and 25 beaches within the bay itself which is one more gem of the Kornati Archipelago. The salt lake Mir, the bottom of which is in deeper parts, is covered with therapeutic mud (fango). The vertical cliffs on the outer part of Telascica bay are rich in interesting flora and fauna.

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Lastovo Archipelago

Lastovo Nature Park includes the island of Lastovo, the most distant Croatian island, and 43 islands, islets and reefs which make the archipelago unique in its beauty and the diversity of flora and fauna as well as cultural and historical heritage. The richness of the underwater world of Lastovo has always attracted many divers, often reckless, so the protection of these islands was necessary for its conservation.

The World Wide Fund for Nature has included the Lastovo Archipelago among the ten heavenly oasis on the Mediterranean; its preserved and untouched beauty is the key to identifying the overall Mediterranean biodiversity.

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SPECIAL RESERVES

The island of Lokrum (forest vegetation reserve)

Lokrum is located on the eastern Croatian coast, close to Dubrovnik and it is an extraordinary garden in the area of Dubrovnik. The name of the island comes from the Latin word acrumen (citrus fruit) which means sour fruit because the island was once abundant in the wild sour orange trees.

Its vegetation is particularly interesting because on such a small surface you can find all natural development stages of plant communities of the EU Mediterranean zone of Europe. So, since 1963 it has been protected as a Special Forest Vegetation Reserve and it is under the strict protection of UNESCO.

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Lim Channel

Lim Bay or Lim Channel is located in the northern Adriatic and it is one of the most beautiful natural resources of the Istrian peninsula. It is often referred to as fjord which is incorrect although it originated as an estuary of the river Pazincica; the sea penetrated into its old riverbed and thus created the bay. The name Lim comes from the Latin word limes (meaning limit) since the valley in the Roman period divided the two Roman provinces which are today the cities of Porec and Pula.

Lim Channel

The water in the bay is partly brackish and is suitable for the development of flora and fauna and it is a famous fish and shellfish (oysters, mussels, sea bream, sea bass) farm.

Lim Channel has the status of a protected landscape which means that fishing, diving and motor boats are not allowed.

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Bay of Mali Ston (Malostonski zaljev)

The Bay of Mali Ston is located in South Dalmatia, between the peninsula of Peljesac and the mainland; it is a nature reserve, fish, oysters and mussel farm. Thanks to its pristine purity and the richness of the sea the Bay of Mali Ston is the only place in the world where the European oyster, Ostrea edulis, is grown, the most precious species of oysters in Europe.

Bay of Mali Ston

The quality of these shells was recognized in the Roman period and over the centuries the Ston oysters were served at many European courts as a special treat. In the Bay of Mali Ston there are the salt pans of Ston, one of the three in Croatia and the oldest one in Europe and possibly in the world. It dates back to the 14th century and it is still in function. The salt is harvested in the traditional way which makes it a monument of culture.

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